SRM Annual Meeting and Tradeshow Abstracts

A collection of presentation titles and abstracts from the SRM Annual Meeting and Tradeshows

Contact
Society for Range Management
Address: 
Society for Range Management
6901 S Pierce St Ste 225
Littleton, CO 80128
United States
Total Entries in Collection: 
2249

Records in Collection

Published: 2018
Wildfire has always been an important ecosystem process across the sagebrush biome. Recently, the scale of sagebrush ecosystem loss and fragmentation has increased significantly due to a combination of uncharacteristic wildfire, invasive annual...
Published: 2018
The many species of larkspur (Delphinium spp.) present one of the most serious, intractable, and complex challenges to livestock grazing management in the western United States. Larkspur plants contain numerous norditerpinoid alkaloids, which are...
Published: 2018
Rangeland restoration can improve habitat for threatened species such as the hirola antelope (Beatragus hunteri) that inhabit savannas of eastern Kenya. However, restoration success likely varies across soil types and target restoration species, as...
Published: 2018
Temperate grasslands, including mixed grass prairies, suffer from the greatest levels of habitat loss and degradation of any ecosystem. This can have cascading negative effects including changes in ecosystem function, wildlife population declines,...
Published: 2018
Implementing a strategic native seed collection process begins with coordinated efforts between Great Basin regions and states. In Nevada, Federal and State partners are targeting native grasses and forbs for seed collection by seed transfer...
Published: 2018
Diversity in the structure and botanical composition of grazing lands is commonly reported to provide the variety of habitat types needed for a diversity of birds. It follows that the use of a variety of grazing strategies on a management unit or...
Published: 2018
Huisache (Acacia farnesiana [L.] Willd.), a pest tree species on rangelands throughout south Texas, resists control via herbicide, fire, or mechanical methods through vigorous resprouting and prolific seed production. Until now, however, it has been...
Published: 2018
Fire temperatures can vary spatially due to fuel loading characteristics and burn conditions.� The influence of fuel loads, particularly that of sagebrush, on bunchgrass mortality following a wildfire is largely unknown.� In this study, we...
Published: 2018
The Colorado River (COR) watershed includes a variety of areas with saline geologic and soil materials. International concerns over the salt load of the river began when salinity levels in COR water flowing into Mexico peaked in the 1960s. This...
Published: 2018
The Soils and Range disciplines of BLM�s Miles City Field Office (MCFO) developed Ecological Site groups independently and almost simultaneously. Each identified the need for a landscape unit useful at the Field Office and project management levels...
Published: 2018
Wildfires are growing in size, frequency, and severity across rangelands in the U.S. West. Numerous Rangeland Fire Protection Associations (RFPAs) have emerged for rancher participation in fire suppression alongside federal agency firefighters....
Published: 2018
In arid rangelands, riparian areas are important components of ranching operations that also provide critical ecosystem services, including: habitat for fish and wildlife, increased landscape biodiversity, and regulation of the fate and transport of...
Published: 2018
Northern Great Plains (NGP) grasslands evolved under the influence of grazing and fire, resulting in a mosaic of habitats of low, mid, and high seral plant communities. Much of that heterogeneity has been lost due to fire suppression and...
Published: 2018
The importance of monitoring for adaptive management of rangelands has been well established. However, the actual use of monitoring data in rangeland management decisions has been modest despite extensive efforts to develop and implement monitoring...
Published: 2018
Sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata [Dum.-Cours] G. Don) is invading rangelands of the southern Great Plains and is believed to have negative impacts on livestock production and biodiversity. �Historically, research efforts have focused largely on...
Published: 2018
Mediterranean grassland dynamics can be usefully understood as more closely fitting assumptions of non-equilibrium than equilibrium models. This implies that factors external to the system like low and erratic rainfall predominate, and factors like...
Published: 2018
Huisache (Acacia farnesiana [L.] Willd.) is expanding in range and density and displacing more desirable forage species in South Texas. We characterized optimal timing and environmental conditions for effective herbicide control by analyzing root...
Published: 2018
Hunter harvest of greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter �sage-grouse�) has been regulated by wildlife agencies during most of the past century. Range-wide population declines of sage-grouse have prompted wildlife agencies to...
Published: 2018
We conducted three germination experiments to develop propagation protocols for Yucca elata (Engelm.) Engelm. and Menodora scabra A. Gray. Experiments were: seed germination under osmotic stress at 0, -0.5, -1.0 and -1.5 MPa in a growth chamber;...
Published: 2018
Collaborations should be more effective if groups share a common language to describe the topic of their joint efforts. This common language may be most critical when the collaborators have different priorities, and have been adversaries. We...
Published: 2018
Beef products represent the fourth largest agricultural commodity in the state of California, valuing more than $3 billion from 2013 to 2015 (USDA, 2016) and procure 90% of the income for the range livestock industry (FRAP, 2003). Forages found on...
Published: 2018
Native plant communities in the Northern Great Plains evolved under periodic fire and substantial grazing pressure from native herbivores. Fire and grazing are two important drivers for maintaining structural and compositional heterogeneity of North...
Published: 2018
There is widespread agreement that many lentic meadows throughout Nevada are functionally at risk, threatening the long-term stability and possibly the short-term quality of habitat critical for greater sage grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). What...
Published: 2018
In 2007, Region 3 of the US Forest Service (encompassing all national forests in Arizona and New Mexico) implemented a new policy to require the use of adaptive management in the administration and management of grazing allotments. This policy...
Published: 2018
Purple threeawn (Aristida purpurea Nutt.) is a native warm season bunch grass that is quickly gaining attention in western Kansas on The Nature Conservancy�s Smoky Valley Ranch. We see a decrease in grazing/clipping pressure on this bunch grass,...
Published: 2018
Riparian areas account for as little as 2% of the settled portion of Alberta�s landscape, but they provide essential ecological functions, including water storage, forage production and critical habitat for two thirds of wildlife species, including...
Published: 2018
Reliable information documenting characteristics of public land ranchers is needed to help land managers and policy makers understand ranchers� economic and social validity, the diversity of operations, and the contributions to local communities. A...
Published: 2018
Disturbed rangelands present significant challenges to resource managers and land owners.� In the Great Basin, exotic annual grasses have truncated secondary succession by outcompeting native perennial species for limited moisture and nutrients.� An...
Published: 2018
It is common on rangelands to have large gaps of distance between �official� rain gauges and gaps of time (up to 365 days) between measurements. Those gaps make it difficult for managers to understand the impact of precipitation on rangeland...
Published: 2018
Grassland bird populations have declined faster than any other avian guild in North America during the past 40 years. In northern Montana, four species are experiencing dramatic population declines, Baird�s Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii), Sprague�s...
Published: 2018
Disturbance Response Groups (DRGs) are used to scale up ecological sites by grouping ecological sites based on abiotic and biotic similarities and disturbance ecology of the Reference plant community.� The disturbance response focus in group...
Published: 2018
Lentic systems scattered across Northern Nevada offer windows of opportunity for an ecosystem to make best use of its limiting resource: water. Compared to the surrounding landscape, these wet meadows have much higher plant productivity rates which...
Published: 2018
Wetlands are a valuable resource for water storage, sediment capture, biodiversity, habitat, and carbon (C) sequestration. Alterations to wetland functionality are often linked to land management decisions, such as grazing management. Potential...
Published: 2018
Grassland to shrubland transitions are well documented throughout the desert grassland region of the Chihuahuan Desert. These transitions were triggered in the early 20th century by overgrazing of perennial grasses during drought periods, loss of...
Published: 2018
Numerous studies have shown that students who work actively to research, discuss, and perform experiments gain a deeper understanding of concepts within the field of rangeland sciences. To increase the number of students reaching this deeper level...
Published: 2018
The HARPER process utilizes LANDSAT 8 imagery to accurately identify and map areas of low herbage and areas of undesirably high herbage in designated Blunt-Nosed Leopard Lizard (BNLL) core areas within the BLM�s Carrizo Plain National Monument. The...
Published: 2018
Grassland bird populations have declined more than any other guild of birds during the past 50 years as a result of habitat loss. The majority of remaining native grassland habitat in North America is managed for livestock production, so livestock...
Published: 2018
In Modoc County, located in northeastern California there is a unique rangeland area heavily populated by wild horses and managed primarily by US Forest Service known as the Devil's Garden. Wild Horses have significantly exceeded appropriate...
Published: 2018
The southern portion of Fairchild Air Force Base (AFB) in Spokane County, Washington contains �biscuit-swale� topographic features and vernal pools. Some of the �biscuits� (soil mounds) provide habitat for the threatened species, Spalding�s catchfly...
Published: 2018
According to National Resources Inventory data, Kentucky bluegrass is now present in over 85% of the areas sampled in the northern Great Plains of the USA. This non-native, perennial, cool season grass has the potential to develop a dense thatch...
Published: 2018
Ecological site descriptions are increasingly being used by land managers to develop monitoring plans, design post-fire rehabilitation plans, and restore wildlife habitat. We have developed a system of grouping ecological sites that enhances the...
Published: 2018
Western and Utah juniper (WJ and UJ) woodlands have been expanding in range and infilling. Extensive resources have been spent managing theses woodlands, so understanding seed dispersal is critical in identifying mechanisms behind expansion....
Published: 2018
Large ungulate grazing is one of the most ubiquitous uses of rangelands in North America. Specifically, livestock grazing occurs across most public rangelands in the Western US.� Federal rangeland managers are tasked with managing livestock grazing...
Published: 2018
Using seeding to restore degraded rangelands of the northern Great Plains is a major challenge.� Often, seeded species fail to establish and areas remain/become dominated by annual bromes and other unwanted plants.� In this study, we used herbicides...
Published: 2018
Grazing by cattle affects plant morphology, phenology, and species composition, which can result in changes within invertebrate communities at broad scales.� For grassland songbirds, altered invertebrate communities may influence prey availability...
Published: 2018
Prescribed burn associations are the cooperatives that share knowledge, experience, and equipment among contributing members to increase the application and safety of fire as a management tool.� However, soaring management costs, complex liability...
Published: 2018
Correctly assessing whether rangeland ecosystem services are stable, improving, or degrading is of local to global importance.� In the USA, several plant and soil properties are measured as part of a standardized system for assessing rangeland...
Published: 2018
The Twin Peaks Herd Management Area for wild horses and burros in northeastern California and northwestern Nevada has exceeded appropriate management levels in recent years.� The steady rise in horse and burro population has prompted resource...
Published: 2018
Knowledge of aboveground biomass, or standing crop, is required in many agricultural and rangeland applications, as standing crop constitutes both amount of forage available for grazing and fuel available for burning. But measurement can be tedious...
Published: 2018
Understanding the ecological interactions of feral horse populations is of increasing importance on Western rangelands where management options are often case specific and complex. In the White Mountains, Arizona, USA, feral horse habitat overlaps...