SRM Annual Meeting and Tradeshow Abstracts

A collection of presentation titles and abstracts from the SRM Annual Meeting and Tradeshows

Contact
Society for Range Management
Address: 
Society for Range Management
6901 S Pierce St Ste 225
Littleton, CO 80128
United States
Total Entries in Collection: 
2250

Records in Collection

Published: 2018
Management actions that promote resilience to disturbance are becoming increasingly important in the sagebrush biome. Throughout the U.S, temperatures have warmed over the last 50 years. Temperatures are likely continue to warm along with other...
Published: 2018
Small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) have proven useful to identify and map vegetation species. Scientists and rangeland managers have access to a range of sUAS vehicles and sensors for quantifying rangeland environments. �This purpose of this study...
Published: 2018
Sagebrush steppe and associated meadow systems are critical habitat in the Great Basin for wildlife and provide important ecosystem goods and services. Expansion of pinyon (Pinus�spp.) and juniper (Juniperus�spp.) in the Great Basin has reduced the...
Published: 2018
Mineral supplementation is necessary to correct for deficiencies in forages consumed by livestock. Hawai?i producers have struggled with mineral issues that include imbalances between calcium, phosphorous, and magnesium, and copper, iron, molybdenum...
Published: 2018
Bridge Creek, a tributary to the Lower John Day River, flows through the high-desert of central Oregon and serves as an important spawning and rearing stream for Mid-Columbia Steelhead.� Much of Bridge Creek suffers from channel incision and...
Published: 2018
The USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) has allocated extensive resources for brush management (removal) as a conservation practice to control woody species encroachment on rangelands.� The NRCS Conservation Effects Assessment Project...
Published: 2018
The land application of biosolids (composted sewage solids) has been shown to improve forage production on semi-arid grasslands. In 2002, an experiment was established on a ranch in the central interior of British Columbia to evaluate the long-term...
Published: 2018
An improved understanding of the factors that influence stream temperature in rangeland environments can better enable the protection of stream ecosystems. The objectives of this study were to determine stream temperature-vegetation shading...
Published: 2018
How livestock grazing is managed can have profound effects on how streams function over time and how these systems both respond to and even change the environment around them. In the Maggie and Susie Creek basins in Northeastern Nevada, a...
Published: 2018
The Rio Puerco Watershed (RPW) is a highly dynamic and diverse ecological system that has a long history of anthropogenic alterations. This landscape has been degraded through historic overutilization exacerbated by periods of prolonged drought. At...
Published: 2018
The Great Basin covers approximately 49.2 million hectares and spans from the Columbia Plateau to the Mohave Desert and from Wasatch Mountains to the Sierra Nevadas. Within this region the invasive annual grass Bromus tectorum has caused a shift in...
Published: 2018
All organisms have some range of temperature that constrains their ability to function properly (i.e., thermal sensitivity) and can even influence individual fitness. Thus, understanding the relationship between organisms and their thermal...
Published: 2018
Production benefits for any grazing systems are affected by climatic conditions of the grasslands, forage species mixture and growth habits of the plants. Study objective was to evaluate the effects of native species mixtures [simple (six cool-...
Published: 2018
Brush management techniques are widely applied on rangelands for multiple objectives; two common objectives are to increase forage production for livestock and to maintain a healthy wildlife habitat.�Our objectives were to determine the effects of...
Published: 2018
Uncontrolled grazing exacerbates climate-warming effects on riparian soil functions. Temperature is an important driver of evapotranspiration and decomposition and therefore can be a sensitive indicator of management effects on soil water storage...
Published: 2018
The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is the second-largest mammalian carnivore in sub-Saharan Africa.� This species has historically played an important role as scavenger and predator in wildland ecosystems, but as native habitats and prey have...
Published: 2018
Large-scale conversion of western US rangelands from a diverse, healthy, perennial plant-dominated ecosystem such as the lower-elevation Basin and Wyoming big sagebrush rangelands to invasive annual grasses, particularly cheatgrass and medusahead...
Published: 2018
In the northern Great Plains,�the resilience of perennial grasslands largely depends on successful tiller recruitment and establishment from belowground bud banks.�However, over the decades, these grasslands are rapidly invaded by introduced...
Published: 2018
Prairie dogs have long been seen as being in competition with cattle.� Prairie dogs can reduce the carrying capacity on rangelands by up to 50% through direct consumption of vegetation and by clipping plants to improve predator detection.� Studies...
Published: 2018
Management practices and landscape impacts of energy development can cause changes in animal behavior, distribution, and space use. Understanding how anthropogenic structures and disturbance affects wildlife is pertinent to management.� Although...
Published: 2018
Through USDA-NRCS funded sage-grouse habitat improvement projects, more than 1,000 ranchers have restored or conserved approximately 4.5 million acres, with private land conservation expected to reach 8 million acres by 2018. These conservation...
Published: 2018
Applying fertilizers at the time of planting may improve native plant establishment by increasing the ability of the seedlings to cope with environmental stresses. However, traditional fertilizer applications are often economically infeasible and...
Published: 2018
In 2015, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) committed to conducting multi-scale habitat assessments for Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) across BLM managed lands in the west. �The first full implementation of this policy was...
Published: 2018
Tumbleweed (Salsola sp.) was introduced to the United States, initially in South Dakota, from Russia in the 1870s.� It was first observed in California in 1895.� This plant is widespread across the western United States and is of concern to...
Published: 2018
In Montana, economic efficiency of cattle production is threatened by high feed and input costs. Dormant season livestock grazing reduces reliance on harvested feeds, but typically requires protein supplementation to be successful during periods of...
Published: 2018
Vegetation recovery following wildfire in the Great Basin is often hampered by lack of fire-resilient perennials and the presence of invasive annuals such as cheatgrass. To protect soil resources and reduce weed invasion, burned areas are frequently...
Published: 2018
Western wheatgrass is an important cool-season species in the Northern Great Plains mixed-grass prairie for ecological function, wildlife habitat, and livestock forage.� Western wheatgrass relies primarily on vegetative reproduction for recruitment...
Published: 2018
Forage biomass and utilization are important indicators for evaluating livestock and range management in dryland ecosystems. Traditional field methods are typically obtained from few locations within a management unit because of large investment in...
Published: 2018
Invasive winter annual grasses such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), medusahead (Taeniatherum caput-medusae), and ventenata (Ventenata dubia) are a threat to native ecosystems throughout the US.� Cheatgrass out-competes native vegetation with...
Published: 2018
Northern Great Plains (NGP) grasslands evolved under the influence of grazing and fire, resulting in mosaics of habitats of low to high seral plant communities. Much of that heterogeneity has been lost due to fire suppression and contemporary...
Published: 2018
Botanical composition of grasses, forbs, and shrubs is strongly influenced by topographic position on the dunes on Sandhills rangeland. However, limited research has fully evaluated the influence of weather factors (e.g., spring precipitation and...
Published: 2018
The Salt Lake Field Office of the BLM is working to change grazing management on multiple allotments in Rich County, Utah. The area provides habitat for sensitive species including Bonneville cutthroat trout and greater sage-grouse. To conduct a...
Published: 2018
Invasive annual grasses are altering vegetation dynamics in the Western U.S., decreasing plant diversity and altering forage availability for livestock and wildlife. Preparation and reseeding annual grass invaded rangelands is necessary to change...
Published: 2018
Shrub encroachment in southwestern grasslands has negatively impacted ranching, soil conservation, and grassland dependent species. Past research suggested that a complex interaction between grazing, altered fire regimes, and changing climates...
Published: 2018
Advances in technology have provided new research tools for monitoring wildlife, but there is often a lag between when these tools are used and when they are applied to wildlife management. Here, we borrow newly common tools from the research world...
Published: 2018
Much of California�s annual rangeland has become infested with weedy grasses.� These weeds adversely affect the rangeland forage quality.�� This paper considers yearling stocking rates and performance to determine the influence weedy grasses have. �...
Published: 2018
Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF), commonly known as three-day sickness, caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus which is transmitted by mosquitoes and other biting insects.� The characteristic symptoms include stiffness, lameness, fever, nasal and ocular...
Published: 2018
Recreation management of popular outdoor activities is crucial in wildlands of the United States. These activities affect ecological processes; recreation ecologists seek to understand their impact on the landscape to inform effective management....
Published: 2018
In an attempt to alleviate the problem of grassland degradation in Tibet, China�s state and local authorities initiated a program in 2003 called �retire livestock and restore pastures (Harris, 2010). As part of this campaign, intruded and carried...
Published: 2018
Livestock grazing is one potential contributor to non-point source contamination of water bodies, and is commonly assumed to reduce water quality. In some cases, cessation of grazing activities is proposed in areas with impaired water quality....
Published: 2018
In semi-arid ecosystems annual and intra-annual precipitation variance lead to frequent periods of water scarcity that act as ecological minimums to alter and constrict patterns of primary production. �We use the North American semi-arid sagebrush (...
Published: 2018
Aquatic Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) data collected by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) suggested that perennial streams in Carbon and Emery counties of Utah exhibit increased nutrient loading and conductivity levels. Observed...
Published: 2018
Grazing animals represent a sustainable tool to control invasive species like medusahead (Taeniantherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski), although the low nutritional quality of this weed constrains its use by herbivores. We hypothesized that the...
Published: 2018
In the western United States, direct seeding is a common practice that attempts to restore native plant communities and ecological function back into the ecosystem. However, many invasive annual weed species such as Bromus tectorum have a faster...
Published: 2018
Management of tallgrass prairies using fire is an important tool for preventing invasive woody vegetation. The effects of management on grassland songbirds have often been measured using one aspect of overall breeding season productivity, nest...
Published: 2018
North American grasslands historically had a suite of large herbivores that not only grazed (i.e. bison) but also browsed (i.e. elk, pronghorn, deer). Elk in the tallgrass prairie were extirpated by the 1860�s and at the same time homesteading...
Published: 2018
In the western U.S., millions of hectares of perennial grasslands, shrublands, and forestlands are held in the public domain and managed by state and federal agencies for multiple land uses, including livestock grazing. Society has strong...
Published: 2018
Brush control is often necessary to reduce overabundant shrub species and enhance herbaceous understory conditions. However, simply removing shrubs rarely leads to long-term benefits, especially when understory conditions express low resilience....
Published: 2018
Rangeland resources are among the most important � and almost certainly the most neglected � agro ecosystem component in dry areas. They are the largest land-use category, home to the poorest segment of the population, and crucial for millions of...
Published: 2018
Woody encroachment, due to fire suppression, alters plant community composition in rangelands worldwide. Encroachment of western snowberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis) has led to an alteration of many Northern Great Plains plant communities,...