Range Science Information System

The Range Science Information System (RSIS) bibliography has over 1,300 peer-reviewed bibliographic citations to professional journal articles and documents focused on: riparian, weeds, rangeland, wildlife, vegetation and soils research. Article bibliograhic citations include additional research information such as: the type of article (primary research, synthesis article or case study), location of study, a summary of methods or area of influence, major findings or main points, topic categories, and annotations.

Contact
Montana State University
Address: 
Jason A. Clark
Renne Library
Bozeman, MT 59715
United States
Total Entries in Collection: 
1416

Records in Collection

Published: 1969
Current disturbance models (predation hypothesis, intermediate-disturbance hypothesis, and the Huston hypothesis) do not adequately account for the wide range of responses by grassland plants communities to grazing by large herbivores. This model...
Published: 1969
Owens et. al. report that the critical time for pastures, in the eastern United States, is during the dormant season, which falls from November through April, typically. This is when conditions are wet and soils are partially thawed, making them...
Published: 1969
Utilization of upland and riparian vegetation was measured from 1976-1982 on sites in Idaho, Utah, and Nevada under rotation, rest-rotation, deferred, and season-long continuous grazing strategies, in large allotments and small riparian pastures....
Published: 1969
Bulk density and water infiltration showed little change in a comparison of 3 grazing systems stocked at light, moderate and heavy levels in a study in Wyoming. While soil bulk density was greater in heavily grazed treatments after 2 years, water...
Published: 1969
Within the ungrazed livestock exclosure, grass cover, herb cover and average height were higher compared to outside the exclosure. Outside the exclosure, fallen tree trunks and exposed soil were higher. Some of the invertebrate species that...
Published: 1969
Abaye et al. compared forage quality and quantity between pastures grazed by sheep and cattle alone and together (multi-species grazing). More forage was available and forage use tended to be more consistent throughout the grazing season in multi-...
Published: 1969
Investigations of the physiological and morphological changes that occur in plants in response to herbivore damage have identified several potential mechanisms of tolerance. However, it is unlikely that all physiological changes that occur...
Published: 1969
Over the past dozen years, the population of bison (Bison bison) on the northern winter range of Yellowstone National Park has expanded from the traditional core along the lower Lamar River, occupied new foraging areas within the park, and moved...
Published: 1969
Authors measured vegetation and rodent and bird populations in prairie dog towns, where prairie dogs maintain patches of lower vegetation height and percent mulch cover. Plant canopy cover was greater outside prairie dog towns in late spring and...
Published: 1969
In a Kansas tallgrass prairie, sites burned annually in spring and subjected to bison (Bison bison) grazing, over an 8-year period, had greater available light and inorganic nitrogen than similar ungrazed sites. Bakker et al. demonstrate a strong...
Published: 1969
This study evaluated fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium parvum from California cow-calf herds with respect to age, geographic region, temporal effects, and association with watery feces in order to help focus watershed management plans designed to...
Published: 1969
Review article, no summary available.
Published: 1969
Bunchgrasses growth form may cause trampling avoidance by cattle because elevated tussocks present an uneven surface to step on. This hypothesis was tested by counting cattle hoof prints in a predominantly crested wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum)...
Published: 1969
Horse grazing in the spring increased winter browse for mule deer in Northern Utah. Horses removed about 50% of the herbaceous biomass, while deer used slightly more than 50% of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata), but only 10% of rubber...
Published: 1969
Ammon and Stacey looked at the long term effects of cattle grazing on riparian habitat for song birds in northwestern Nevada. The authors looked at two 25-30 ha plots, one which had not seen grazing in 30 years while the other was grazed over the...
Published: 1969
Prescribed fire has been used as a tool to control aspen encroachment on pasturelands. However, aspen suckers can quickly regenerate following burning, and the plant community may return to an aspen grove if they are not controlled. Bailey et al....
Published: 1969
Schizachyrium scoparium is a dominant late-seral perennial grass that was grown in competition with another S. scoparium, with Bothriochloa saccharoides, or with Stipa leucotrichaor (two other mid-seral perennials), and clipped four times a year to...
Published: 1969
Depending on the scale of observation and on the factors that determine animal distribution, grazing patterns may be stronger or weaker than vegetation patterns, or may mirror the spatial structure of vegetation. Case studies from the literature...
Published: 1969
Through the study of historical records, photographs, and current vegetation measurements inside and outside of grazing exclosures, the authors determined that high elk (Cervus elaphus) populations were the major cause of aspen (Populus tremuloides...
Published: 1969
Arredondo and Johnson studied the effects of simulated grazing at different intensities (0, 50, and 70% utilization) and frequencies (single or repeated defoliation) on root architecture and morphology, of three grassland species that are common in...
Published: 1969
Aldridge and Brigham looked at the change in sage grouse population numbers in central Canada over the past 50-60 years. They mentioned a number of limiting factors that are having an affect on reducing bird numbers mainly through habitat...
Published: 1969
Ballinger et al. looked at the effects of cattle removal from a sandhills prairie site on lizard abundance in western Nebraska. Cattle were removed from the study site 25 years prior to Ballinger et al. data collection. Quantitative data on only...
Published: 1969
The absence of livestock grazing allows for an increase in grass and forbs while decreasing shrubs. Mule deer require shrubs for winter browsing. Decreasing livestock grazing is directly correlated to a decreasing mule deer population.
Published: 1969
Alzerreca-Angelo et al. used a 59-year vegetation database in combination with climate data to determine if the changes in a shadscale plant community, after the implementation of grazing management in 1935, were due to management or climactic...
Published: 1969
Barnett and Stohlgren investigated aspen (Populus tremuloides) regeneration in the Gros Ventre River valley, the National Elk Refuge, and a small part of Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming, to see if elk (Cervus elaphus) browsing was as damaging as...
Published: 1969
To determine the response of fringed sagebrush (Artemisia frigida Willd.) to different types of disturbance, vegetation and soil measurements were recorded for two years following tilling, clipping, litter removal, and a combination of clipping and...
Published: 1969
This study, in Illinois, found that Trillium stem height was positively correlated with the percent of the herbaceous understory that is browsed, which indicates that change in stem height can be a good indicator of the general status of the...
Published: 1969
Abdel-Magid et al. used an artificial hoof to simulate 4 levels of trampling intensity typical of continuous and short duration grazing systems, on shortgrass prairie sods, maintained at varying levels of water stress under greenhouse conditions....
Published: 1969
The prominent finding of this study was the high level of interaction effects between grazing pressure and soil type. Ground cover and plants used for forage responded to grazing pressure depending on the soil type they grew in. Eastern meadowlark...
Published: 1969
Expansion of a 6-year old prairie dog colony to a previously uncolonized site resulted in loss of perennial grasses and their replacement by annual forbs within 3 years. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis), needleandthread grass (Stipa comata), and...
Published: 1969
Allen and Bartolome studied the impact of grazing by cattle and deer for reduction of shrubs and herbaceous plants on tree plantations established on clearcuts in the Sierra Nevada of California. Cattle reduced the shrub and herbaceous canopy cover...
Published: 1969
Ballinger and Jones assessed the effects that the absence of grazing can have on three lizard species on the Arapaho Prairie of Nebraska. Cattle were excluded from the study area in 1979 and rapid rate of plant growth, especially grass, has been...
Published: 1969
In this review, Alverson et al. looked at exclosure and population studies that revealed past and current white-tailed deer densities, as low as 4 deer/km2, may prevent regeneration of the once common woody species and several herbaceous species...
Published: 1969
Bareiss et al. looked at the effects of two different grazing practices (short-duration grazing, SDG, and continuous grazing, CG) on the success of bobwhite and turkey nests on two study sites in southcentral Texas. The authors found that grazing...
Published: 1969
Bai et al. studied the range condition and vegetation composition and characteristics to determine the effects of grazing on the southern Saskatchewan grassland region. Grazing altered species composition, diversity, and evenness relative to the...
Published: 1969
This study determined the differences in reproductive biomass and seed production between grazed and ungrazed grasses on the northern winter range in Yellowstone National Park. The authors found that grazed and ungrazed plants had similar seed...
Published: 1969
Baker and Cade used cut stems from a coyote willow community in northern Colorado to build a model that can estimate available biomass to beaver in the winter months. The main goal of this model was to help predict a carrying capacity for beavers...
Published: 1969
Angell and McClaran examined the relationship between a variety of grazing regimes and grass species densities in an Arizona desert grassland, over 28 years. Grass density was not related to the intensity of livestock grazing. Only one native...
Published: 1969
Authors compared short duration grazing by sheep, in early and late spring, at different stocking intensities. Average daily forage disappearance was higher in the 10-day treatment than the 2-day one, but this higher forage intake was offset by a...
Published: 1969
This study examined how woody and herbaceous plant frequency, cover, and overall species diversity have responded to regional variation, both historic and recent, in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) densities in the Apostle Islands, and...
Published: 1969
Augustine and Frank examined soil cores inside and outside of 36-year old exclosures in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, at finer (< 10 cm) and larger (5-30 m) spatial scales. While total soil carbon and total nitrogen did not vary...
Published: 1969
Forage quality was measured after early-summer and late-summer sheep grazing in Idaho pastures to determine the value of summer grazing as a tool to enhance browse nutritive quality for autumn and winter ungulate use. Early summer grazing enhanced...
Published: 1969
In this review, Bardgett et al. identify the mechanisms by which foliar herbivory may indirectly affect the soil biota and associated below-ground processes through affecting plants. The authors demonstrate that the effects of herbivory on soil...
Published: 1969
Austin and Pyle looked at the habitat selection of small mammals in a montane wet meadow as effected by cattle grazing and fall burning on the Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge in Idaho. All mammal populations fluctuated significantly between...
Published: 1969
Anderson and Shumar examined two clusters of paired plots grazed by jackrabbits in Idaho; one in an area also grazed by pronghorn with abundant winterfat (Ceratoides lanata), the other an old burn site, grazed by sheep in spring and fall; dominated...
Published: 1969
In this conceptual model of the grazing process, cattle quickly explore a new pasture and develop a map-like presentation of the spatial relationships among patches. The idea of manipulating cattle distribution in a systematic manner, based on...
Published: 1969
During diurnal June and August measurements, the water potential of mixed grass prairie species, in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, did not differ between a site colonized by black-tailed prairie dogs for 10 years and an uncolonized site,...
Published: 1969
Stress from grazing can influence the development of plants and this study uses statistical developmental instability analyses to relate growth characteristics of plants to stress levels caused by sheep and other ungulate grazing. In some plant...
Published: 1969
Plants that overcompensate for herbivory are relatively healthier when damaged. In this mutualistic association, the herbivore benefits from the plant, and the plant benefits from the herbivore's actions. As long as the benefit to the plant...