Australian Rangelands

Includes full-text resources emanating from a complete set of Australian Rangelands Society Proceedings, journal articles from The Rangelands Journal (published by CSIRO Publishing for the Australian Rangelands Society), videos and other resources abou the extensive rangelands of Australia. 

Contact
Australian Rangeland Society
Address: 
Bob Shepherd
14 Gauvin Street
Charter Towers QLD 4820
Australia
Total Entries in Collection: 
1964

Records in Collection

Published: 2012
Phyla canescens (Kunth) Greene, lippia, (Verbenaceae) is an important invasive species in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia. The general lack of quantitative information on aspects of the life-history of P. canescens is a substantial impediment to...
Published: 2013
Temperate perennial grasslands globally have been subject to extensive biodiversity loss. Identifying livestock grazing regimes that maintain and enhance the diversity and cover of native plant species in these ecosystems remains a key challenge....
Published: 2013
Feral goats (Capra hircus) are increasing in abundance and distribution in the semi-arid and arid rangelands of New South Wales, and elsewhere in the southern rangelands. They present a conundrum for natural resource managers and policy-makers as...
Published: 2012
Seed dispersal by livestock in lowland rangelands has received attention from researchers in recent decades while there has been little research into the dispersal of alpine meadow plants' seed after ingestion by yaks and Tibetan sheep. This...
Published: 2012
Indigenous vegetation such as Alhagi sparsifolia Shap. (Fabaceae) has been severely damaged in recent years because of the growing population and increasing land use on the southern margin of the Taklamakan Desert. Alhagi sparsifolia plays an...
Published: 2013
Determining what level of investment is required, and where and how it is used, to maintain biodiversity across vast areas is difficult. In response to this challenge, the South Australian Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources has...
Published: 2013
In Australia, since the late 1990s the issue of vegetation thickening' has become controversial. The semi-arid mulga lands of eastern Australia typify the debate. One view held by landholders, and some researchers, is that woody vegetation...
Published: 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the role of terrain in the foraging behaviour of beef cows grazing hilly Mediterranean grasslands. The study was conducted in eastern Galilee, Israel, during 2002 and 2003 on two similar 28-ha paddocks...
Published: 2012
Climate change and its effects on grassland productivity and potential carrying capacity of livestock were systemically studied using AVIM-GRASS and other models, using daily meteorological data for the period from 1961 to 2007 for 70% (275million...
Published: 2013
Enclosures are widely used by pastoralists in East Africa. However, the response of herbaceous and woody vegetation to enclosures seasonally grazed by livestock remains poorly understood. This study investigated the effectiveness of traditional...
Published: 2012
The activity levels of seven species of insectivorous microbats in five habitats widespread across the Charles Darwin Reserve in the Murchison region of Western Australia were measured using echolocation detectors and compared with results of...
Published: 2013
Harvesting of sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) occurs mainly from wild stands in the semi-arid and arid regions (typical annual rainfall 150-300mm) of Western Australia. Regeneration of wild sandalwood in these regions is believed to be low since the...
Published: 2013
Many restoration guidelines strongly recommend the use of local sources of seed in native plant revegetation projects. These recommendations are based on assumptions that the species used for revegetation are cross-pollinated and woody, as they were...
Published: 2012
Thresholds and transitions between vegetation states are accepted components of models of rangeland dynamics. By definition, transitions represent changes from one state to another that are enduring, and are unlikely to be reversed within an...
Published: 2012
The assessment of grazing intensity is important for making adequate management decisions on rangelands. Using GPS collars, tended goat herds from three villages in southern Morocco were studied. The aim was to characterise their spatio-temporal...
Published: 2013
In harsh, resource-limited rangelands, plants and other structures, such as animal burrows, can ameliorate extreme microclimate conditions and increase resource availability for other species. The aim of this study was to determine whether relic...
Published: 2013
In African savannas, humans and their livestock leave long-term legacies on the landscape in the form of abandoned livestock bomas (corrals). Once abandoned, bomas develop into nutrient-rich herbivore hotspots characterised by distinctive plant...
Published: 2012
Several assumptions about the levels and causes of rangeland degradation in Mongolia are widely accepted by a range of stakeholders. These assumptions have become important in terms of guiding strategies and policy directions. This paper provides a...
Published: 2012
Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. (Brassicaceae) is a widespread weed of the southern rangelands of Australia and there is currently no effective control strategy for this weed outside agricultural systems. Field and glasshouse experiments were used to...
Published: 2013
The degradation of semiarid agricultural rangelands in Australia can be traced back to the 19th century when Europeans expanded into these areas. That environmental degradation remains today and continues to harm agricultural productivity. The...
Published: 2012
The objective of this study was to characterise the effect of grazing on soil physical, chemical and biological properties of a semi-steppe rangeland grazed by goats and sheep in the Sahand Mountains (Iran) in order to develop effective soil...
Published: 2013
Managing large variations in herbage production, resulting from highly variable seasonal rainfall, provides a major challenge for the sustainable management of Astrebla (Mitchell grass) grasslands in Australia. A grazing study with sheep was...
Published: 2013
Dust storms are frequent in Australia and can have a large impact on the soil resource, the economy and people. There have been few economic studies of the impact of wind erosion worldwide and only one in Australia before this study. While wind...
Published: 2012
Adaptive rangeland management based on continuous grazing by sheep was implemented at Los Pozos station, on the Magellan tussock steppes of southern Patagonia, between 1990 and 2010. The numbers of sheep were adjusted annually following a stocking...
Published: 2012
Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypifolia L.) is an invasive shrub that adversely impacts agricultural and natural systems of northern Australia. While several techniques are available to control bellyache bush, depletion of soil seed banks is central...
Published: 2013
Desert ecology features long time-frames and extreme seasonal unpredictability. In addition, Australia's arid rangelands have unique social, cultural, land-use and land tenure characteristics that influence appropriate conservation management....
Published: 2012
Dingoes and other wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo and hybrids) are generalist predators that consume a wide variety of different prey species within their range. Little is known, however, of the diets of dingoes in north-eastern Australia where the...
Published: 2012
Desertification and degradation of pastures has occurred over the last 50 years on the western grasslands of China due to human factors including overgrazing, unsuccessful reclamation of land, loss of soil through inappropriate cultivation, mining,...
Published: 2013
The interaction among species is one of the most important factors influencing the distribution of plants in a given habitat. Vegetation of arid rangelands often appears patchy with many herbaceous species associated with shrub species. It was...
Published: 2011
The invasion of exotic pasture species into intact woodlands has the potential to affect native fauna by altering habitat structure and ecosystem function. The spread of these weeds is generally in concert with cattle grazing, so that fauna or...
Published: 2012
Electronic tracking provides a unique way to document behaviour by cows on a continuous basis. Over 2 years 17 beef cows with calves were fitted with global positioning system (GPS) devices programmed to record uncorrected GPS locations at 1-s...
Published: 2011
The need for broad-scale, long-term biodiversity monitoring to support evidence-based policy and management in the Australian rangelands is clear and pressing but, despite protracted discussion of this need, there has been little progress towards...
Published: 2012
There is little direct evidence about the business model used by the legendary cattle king, Sir Sidney Kidman. Kidman's properties were invariably stocked at less than full capacity, and were generally contiguous, forming chains that straddled...
Published: 2011
Scattered paddock trees occur across agricultural landscapes in Australia. However, in the temperate regions of Australia their numbers are rapidly declining and they may be lost across much of the landscape in 200 years. Here we examined the...
Published: 2011
Remote Australia constitutes ~75% of the continent and is a dry, often harsh environment in which to live; consequently less than 3% of Australia's population reside there but it is also where a substantial proportion of Australia's export...
Published: 2012
Severe snowfall events, termed snow disasters, lead to losses of livestock, preventing sustainable development of livestock systems, in the rangelands of northern China. In order to reduce losses under snow disasters, a review of the factors...
Published: 2011
A study was made of the germination characteristics of a broad spectrum of rangeland species by studying their behaviour under different conditions. Seeds of common species (both native and exotic) were collected from tropical (north-east Queensland...
Published: 2011
Natural environments around the world shape their human residents, whose land management practices in turn shape their natural environments. The trial-and-error process of learning how to live within a human-environment system is costly for lands...
Published: 2011
Employment is generally considered as essential for improving individual and social livelihoods and wellbeing in Australia. Typically, employment rates are low among Aboriginal people living in remote regions of Australia. Often this is attributed...
Published: 2011
Feral goats are a significant threat to biodiversity in Australia. However, goats are also harvested by some landholders for commercial benefit and this can lead to disagreements regarding control techniques. In the rangelands of New South Wales,...
Published: 2012
The invasion of exotic plants into savanna ecosystems can disrupt the natural pattern of vegetation. Indian couch Bothriochloa pertusa was introduced into Australia as a species for rehabilitation of degraded grazing land. In this study the effect...
Published: 2011
This paper examines an alternative economy in the Anmatyerr region of central Australia, with reference to the hybrid economy' concept. We argue that this concept has application in recognising emerging Aboriginal economies surrounding the...
Published: 2012
This paper proposes a broad overview of possible responses to the challenges posed by rangelands to promote discussion on a sustainable future for these vast regions. Rangelands Australia, an organisational unit of the University of Queensland,...
Published: 2011
The objective of this study was to determine if (1) intake by goats of kermes oak (Quercus coccifera L.), the main forage in Mediterranean kermes oak shrublands, was affected by availability of white mulberry (Morus alba L.) and black locust (...
Published: 2012
A significant quantity of native vegetation and biodiversity remains on privately managed rangeland properties. Due to a lack of appropriate incentives, landholders do not always conserve these resources at a level that society desires. Regulations...
Published: 2011
Rangeland ecosystems are capable of providing an array of ecosystem services important to the wellbeing of society. Some of these services (e.g. meat, fibre) are transported to markets and their quantity, quality and value are established via a set...
Published: 2011
Tourism is commonly promoted as a tool for economic diversification in peripheral regions that have traditionally relied on exporting natural resources (the staples'). However, developing tourism in these regions has often proven immensely...
Published: 2011
Desert/remote Australia is blessed with abundant natural energy resources from solar, geothermal and other renewable sources. If these were harnessed and connected appropriately desert/remote Australia could be not only energy self-sufficient but a...
Published: 2011
The pastoral industry of the Northern Territory faces a suite of environmental and economic challenges associated with, inter alia, export markets, costs of production, climate change, change in government policies, and potential cattle diseases. A...