Functional diversity of soil microbial communities in response to tillage and crop residue retention in an eroded Loess soil

Author: 
Yang, Q
Wang, X
Shen, Y
Philp, J N M
Publisher: 
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Publication Year: 
2013
Description: 
This study reports the effects of a long-term tillage and crop residue experiment on the soil microbial ecology of a Loess soil located in Gansu Province, western China. Tillage and residue management treatments were imposed on a nine-year continuous rotation of maize (Zea mays L. cv Zhongdan No. 2), winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv Xifeng No. 24) and soybean (Glycine max L. cv Fengshou No. 12). After nine years, there were significant effects on topsoil (0-10 cm) carbon, nitrogen, microbial activity, microbial composition and function. The retention of crop residues compared to residue removal significantly improved all measures of chemical and biological soil fertility. The values of average well color development (AWCD), a measure of the metabolic utilization of organic compounds, for the residue retention treatments were always higher than those with residue removal treatments, and the differences increased with increasing incubation time. Principal component analysis indicated that crop residue retention significantly altered topsoil microbial activity and community functional diversity. Our research clearly demonstrates that retention of crop residues significantly enhances soil microbial metabolic capacity, compared to no tillage, and can therefore contribute to sustainable agriculture on the Loess Plateau. Promotion of conservation agriculture has the potential to rehabilitate soil fertility and improve agricultural sustainability and food security on the region.
Name of Journal: 
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume: 
59
Number: 
3
Pages: 
311-321
Resource Type: 
Text
Document Type: 
Journal Issue/Article
Grassland Society of Southern Africa

The Grassland Society of Southern Africa (GSSA) is involved and concerned with the science and practice of range and pasture management. This broad field involves primarily the use and conservation of natural resources. It encompasses applied fields such as livestock production, wildlife management, nature conservation, water catchment management and range and mine-dump rehabilitation. The disciplines include, amongst others, ecology, botany zoology, range and pasture science, animal science, soil science and genetics. This collection includes journal articles from the African Journal of Range and Forage Science as well as related articles and reports from throughout the Southern African region.