A new empirical model of sub-daily rainfall intensity and its application in a rangeland biophysical model

Author: 
Fraser,G. W.
Carter,J. O.
McKeon,G. M.
Day,K. A.
Publisher: 
CSIRO Publishing
Publication Year: 
2011
Description: 
Sub-daily rainfall intensity has a significant impact on runoff and erosion rates in northern Australian rangelands. However, it has been difficult to include sub-daily rainfall intensity in rangeland biophysical models using historical climate data due to the limited number of pluviograph stations with long-term records. In this paper a new empirical model (Temperature I15' model) was developed to predict the daily maximum 15-min rainfall intensity (I15) using daily minimum and maximum temperature and daily rainfall totals from 12 selected pluviograph stations across Australia. The Temperature I15' model accounted for 46% (P less than 0.01) of the variation in observed daily I15 for an independent validation dataset derived from 67 Australia-wide pluviograph stations and represented both geographical and seasonal variability in I15. The model also accounted for 70% (P less than 0.01) of the variation in the observed historical trend in I15 for the full record period (average record period was 37 years) of 73 Australia-wide pluviograph stations. The Temperature I15' model was found to be an improvement on a past empirical model of I15 and can be easily implemented in biophysical models by using readily available daily climate data. However, as the Temperature I15' model only represented 46% of the variation in daily observed I15, the model is best used in simulation studies on timeframes' in excess of 5 years. The new Temperature I15' model was implemented in the runoff equation of the Australia-wide spatial pasture growth model AussieGRASS, which predicts daily water balance and pasture growth for 185 different pasture communities. This resulted in an improved simulation of green cover for 71% of pasture communities but was worse for 25% of communities, with no change for 4% of communities.
Name of Journal: 
The Rangeland Journal
Volume: 
33
Number: 
1
Resource Type: 
Text
Document Type: 
Journal Issue/Article
Australian Rangeland Society

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