Influence of leafy spurge on forage utilization by cattle.

Hein, D.G.
Miller, S.D.
Rangeland Ecology & Management / Journal of Range Management Archives
Publication Year: 
A 3-year field study was conducted near Grassrange, Montana. (Latitude 46 degrees 50'N and Longitude 108 degrees 50'W) to determine the effect of leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) shoot density, control, and canopy cover on the utilization of forage by cattle. Picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid) was applied at 0.28 to 2.24 kg ae/ha on leafy spurge-infested native pasture to establish different levels of leafy spurge shoot density and canopy cover. Utilization of forage was influenced by leafy spurge shoot density (r = -0.65) and canopy cover (r = 0.87) and was not related to the amount of forage (r = -0.1) produced. A leafy spurge canopy cover of 10% or more and a leafy spurge shoot control value of 90% or less resulted in a significant decrease in utilization of forage by cattle.
Document Type: 
Journal Issue/Article
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Rangeland Ecology & Management (formerly the Journal of Range Management) serves as a forum for the presentation and discussion of facts, ideas, and philosophies pertaining to the study, management, ecology, and use of rangelands and their resources. The journal is peer-reviewed and provides international exchange of scholarly research and information among persons interested in rangelands. The Global Rangelands collection includes REM content up to 5 years from the current year. More recent content is available by subscription from BioOne and the Society for Range Management, and may be available at your local university library.
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