Effects of breed and dietary experience on juniper consumption by goats.

Author: 
Pritz, R.K.
Launchbaugh, K.L.
Taylor, C.A.
Publisher: 
Rangeland Ecology & Management / Journal of Range Management Archives
Publication Year: 
1997
Description: 
Low nutritional quality and high levels of essential oils result in low consumption of juniper by goats. In this study we examined: (1) if juniper consumption could be increased by exposing goats to essential oils early in life; (2) if goat breeds (Spanish vs Angora) differed in juniper consumption; (3) if differences in juniper consumption were related to detoxification abilities of goats; and, (4) if differences in digestibility and nitrogen or energy balance could explain juniper consumption patterns. In the first experiment, Spanish and Angora goats 6-7 weeks old, were bolused every other day for 1 month with essential oils distilled from redberry juniper (Juniperus pinchotii Sudw.), while control animals received empty capsules. Goats were then offered redberry juniper branches in a 5-day acceptance trial. Spanish goats consumed more (1 < 0.01) juniper during the trial than Angoras. Goats previously dosed with essential oils ingested marginally less (0 < 0.086) juniper than controls. Liver-specific enzymes in blood serum (aspartate aminotransferase and gamma glutamyltransferase) were compared before and after acceptance testing to examine potential liver damage. Spanish goats apparently experienced less tissue damage in response to juniper consumption than Angora goats. A second experiment examined the digestion and metabolism of juniper. Spanish goats consumed more (0 < 0.01) juniper than Angora goats though Angoras digested juniper more completely; probably a result of their lower consumption. The metabolic fate of dietary nitrogen and energy was similar for both breeds and unaffected by exposure to essential oils early in life.
Document Type: 
Journal Issue/Article
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Rangeland Ecology & Management (formerly the Journal of Range Management) serves as a forum for the presentation and discussion of facts, ideas, and philosophies pertaining to the study, management, ecology, and use of rangelands and their resources. The journal is peer-reviewed and provides international exchange of scholarly research and information among persons interested in rangelands. The Global Rangelands collection includes REM content up to 5 years from the current year. More recent content is available by subscription from BioOne and the Society for Range Management, and may be available at your local university library.
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