The History and Current Direction of Rangeland Management in Turkey

Koc, Ali
Schacht, Walter H.
Erkovan, H. Ibrahim
Society for Range Management
Publication Year: 
On the Ground• Turkey is a country with many urban centers (Istanbulhas 15 million people) and with a high gross nationalproduct (16th in the world). More than one-third ofthe country is rangeland and livestock productionaccounts for at least 30% of agricultural income.• Rangelands and livestock production on rangelandshistorically have been at the center of Turkish society,economy, and culture. Roots of many Turkish rangemanagement practices can be traced back to thesteppes culture of central Asia in 2500 BC.• The government established strict policies andregulations on the communal rangelands allocatedto each community by the central government. Thegrazing management regulations were based onstrategies to ensure that 1) stocking rates did notexceed carrying capacity, 2) timing of grazing was inbalance with seasonal conditions, and 3) grazingunits were periodically deferred.• The composition and productivity of Turkeys rangelandshave degraded considerably since the early1900s with an increasing density of humans andtheir livestock on grazing lands and an abandonmentof the traditional policies and structure regulatinggrazing of rangelands.• The Rangeland Act of 1998 gave the Turkishgovernment authority to regulate the grazing season,carrying capacity, and rangeland development anduse. Consideration of agrarian reform measures is atthe center of revitalizing the publicly owned rangelandsin Turkey.Keywords: Turkey, Anatolia, Thrace, traditionalknowledge, tore, communal rangeland, rangelanddegradation.
Document Type: 
Journal Issue/Article
Society for Range Management

Rangelands, a publication of the Society for Range Management, serves as a forum for the presentation and discussion of facts, ideas, and philosophies pertaining to the study, management, and use of rangelands. The journal features scientific and historical articles as well as Society news. It provides readers with scientifically accurate information in a user-friendly format, placed in context of the world we live in today. Rangelands is a practical (non-technical) counterpart of Rangeland Ecology & Management (formerly the Journal of Range Management). The Global Rangelands collection includes articles from Rangelands up to 3 years from the current year. Access to more recent content is available by subscription from BioOne and the Society for Range Management and may also be available at your local university library. 
(Become a SRM member)