SRM Glossary

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| F (42)
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| H (32)
| I (17)
| K (8)
| L (23)
| M (24)
| N (14)
| O (16)
| P (71)
| Q (1)
| R (77)
| S (89)
| T (32)
| U (12)
| V (10)
| W (20)
| X (1)
| Y (4)
| Z (1)
Term Description Source
Unauthorized Use

The grazing of livestock on a range area without proper authority. cf. grazing trespass

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Undergrazing

The act of continued underuse.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Understocking

Placing a number of animals on a given area that will result in underuse at the end of the planned grazing period.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Understory

Plants growing beneath the canopy of other plants. Usually refers to grasses, forbs and low shrubs under a tree or shrub canopy. cf. overstory

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Underuse

A degree of use less than proper use.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Undesirable Species

(1) Species that conflict with or do not contribute to the management objectives. (2) Species that are not readily eaten by animals.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Ungrazed

(1) The status of grazing land that is not grazed by animals. (2) The status of plants or plant parts that are not grazed by animals. cf. rest

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Ungulate

A hoofed animal, including ruminants but also horses, tapirs, elephants, rhinoceroses, and swine.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Upper Limit

The maximum size of term permit which may be held by an individual, partnership or corporation.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Usable Forage

That portion of the forage that can be grazed without damage to the basic resources; may vary with season of use, species and associated plant species.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Use

1) The proportion of current year's forage production that is consumed or destroyed by grazing animals. May refer either to a single species or to the vegetation as a whole. Syn. degree of use, (2) Utilization of range for a purpose such as grazing, bedding, shelter, trailing, watering, watershed, recreation, forestry, etc.

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.
Utilization

Syn. Use

Society for Range Management. 1998. Glossary of terms used in range management, fourth edition. Edited by the Glossary Update Task Group, Thomas E. Bedell, Chairman. Used with permission.