Arizona Monitoring Resources

Monitoring Guides and Tools

University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension Range Resources

Other Monitoring Resources

  • Can I Monitor My Range Effectively and Quickly?: Explains how monitoring data is the compass on the dashboard that helps indicate whether adjustments are needed in the timing, frequency, severity, or selectivity of grazing.
  • Ecological Site Information System (NRCS)
  • History of Rangeland Monitoring in the U.S.A.: This article provides an excellent history and background and background of monitoring efforts on western rangelands. It covers the basic approaches and comparisons of the many different systems of monitoring, but not the specific details of establishing a monitoring program on specific rangelands.
  • Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health: Version 4 of Technical Reference 1734-6, is the second published edition of this technique. It follows the recommendations published in Pyke et al. (2002). The most significant modification from version 3 is the replacement of the Ecological Reference Area Worksheet with the Reference Sheet (Appendix 2). The Reference Sheet facilitates consistent application of the process on each ecological site by integrating all available sources of data and knowledge to generate a single range of reference conditions for each indicator.
  • Monitoring Range Browse Vegetation: Rangeland vegetation monitoring is a useful tool to detect changes in plant communities induced by management practices and/or natural processes. Information obtained through vegetation monitoring can be used to determine if management goals are being met and to adjust management practices if needed.
  • Monitoring Rangelands in Arizona: An article centered on the creation of adaptive management techniques for rangeland management.
  • Monitoring Rangeland Watersheds with Very-Large Scale Aerial Imagery: Describes using very-large scale (1:200) aerial photographic samples of grazing allotments. Cover measurements from the digitized aerial samples were not different from cover measurements made on the ground using point-sampling methods.
  • Photo Points as a Monitoring Tool-Rangeland Watershed Program Fact Sheet No. 16: Shows how photos surpass traditional data in their ability to portray changes on a large scale and to transfer this information to audiences of different backgrounds.
  • Rangeland Monitoring: Selecting Key Areas: Suggests means of choosing areas on which to begin monitoring projects.
  • Rangeland Soil Quality: Indicators for Assessment and Monitoring-Rangeland Sheet 2 on what indicators to use and how to interpret the results of monitoring measurements.
  • Riparian Ecosystem Creation and Restoration: A USGS Literature Summary discusses how the value of information obtained from monitoring riparian ecosystem creation/restoration projects depends on the precision, accuracy, and comprehensiveness of the data used for interpretation and decision making, and hence the need for data to be collected with tested methods using a valid sampling design, followed by proper analysis and interpretation. Provides an overview of the status of riparian ecosystems in the U.S.
  • Sampling Vegetation Attributes: The intent of this interagency monitoring guide is to provide the basis for consistent, uniform, and standard vegetation attribute sampling that is economical, repeatable, statistically reliable, and technically adequate. While this guide is not all inclusive, it does include the primary sampling methods used across the West.
  • Supporting the Stewardship of Our Natural Resources: Cooperative Extension Rangeland Monitoring Program in Arizona covers about 62 million acres of rangeland.
  • Types of Monitoring-Rangeland Watershed Program Fact Sheet No. 15: Outlines some types of monitoring as series of observations over time.
  • Using Repeat Color Photography as a Tool to Monitor Rangelands: Changes in rangeland attributes occur relatively slowly in the arid southwest, particularly in upland areas. Riparian areas have more potential to change rapidly in response to both management and precipitation. Repeat color photography will help document subtle rangeland changes but probably won’t provide sufficient information to evaluate all goals and objectives. Consider also collecting quantitative data like precipitation, soil moisture, forage production and utilization, species frequency, vegetation cover, and actual use (i.e., stocking rates).