Grazing Management

Patch Burning: Integrating Fire and Grazing to Promote Heterogeneity
Heterogeneity refers to the differences in habitats across the landscape, and it is required for diverse plant and wildlife communities.  
Source = OSU

34 MB

A Checklist of Prairie, Shrubland and Forest Understory Plants of Oklahoma
Oklahoma has more than 2,600 species of vascular plants, of which 90% are native. In this Fact Sheet, we have listed those commonly found in prairies, shrublands, and forest understories throughout the state and described their characteristics and resource values.
Source = OSU F-2872
  Size 342k
Management Strategies for Rangelands and Introduced Pastures
Oklahoma is blessed with an abundance of excellent forage resources. Many Oklahoma producers enjoy the benefits of operating livestock production systems on both rangeland and introduced-forage pastures.
Source = OSU F-2869
  Size 118k
Thistles in Oklahoma and Their Identification
In 1994 a Thistle Law, was enacted in four counties in northeastern Oklahoma. Amended in 1995, 1998, and 1999, it now declares musk, scotch, and Canada thistles to be noxious weeds and public nuisances in all counties of the state.
Source = OSU PSS-2776
  Size 2.2MB
Stocking Rate: The Key to Successful Livestock Production
This fact sheet discusses how to determine the proper stocking rate for your land.
Source = OSU
  Size 192k
Intensive Early Stocking
Many Oklahoma livestock producers are looking for ways to increase beef production, improve their rangeland for cattle grazing, diversify their operation and expand cattle marketing opportunities. Intensive early stocking is one form of grazing management that helps producers achieve many of these goals.
Source = OSU F-2875
Management Strategies for Rangeland and Introduced Pastures
This fact sheet discusses the differences in rangelands and introduced-forage pastures and management strategies required for each.                                                           Source = OSU F-2869


Drought Management Strategies
Producers should remember that grazing management is the most important factor for livestock producers in any economic or environmental climate, followed closely by proper soil fertility for introduced forages.                                                              Source = OSU F-2870
Reducing Winter Feeding Costs
This publication discusses management practices that can reduce the costs associated with livestock winter feeding programs.                                            Source = OSU F-2570
Collecting Forage Samples for Analysis
This fact sheet describes proper methods for collecting representative forage samples to get most accurate results from testing.                                                                 Source = OSU F-2589
Forage Quality Interpretations
This fact sheet describes some chemical factors in forage analysis and how they can be used.                                                                                                                   Source = OSU F-2117


Hay Judging
This fact sheet summarizes some of the important factors that should be considered when judging hay.
Source = OSU F-2588




Estimating herbage standing crop with visual obstruction in tallgrass prairie        
This article evaluates the effectiveness of the visual obstruction method for estimating herbage standing crop.                                                                           
Source = J. Range Manage. 54: 57-60 Jan. 2001

Size 42k


Other Resources

Arevalo, J. R. 2002. Distribution of trees and saplings at the edge of cross timbers forests, Oklahoma, USA. Natural Areas Journal 22: 99-107.    
Clark, S. L. and S. W. Hallgren. 2003. Dynamics of Oak (quercus marilandica and Quercus stellata) reproduction in an old-growth cross timbers forest. Southeastern Naturalist. 2(4): 559-574.    
Fuhlendorf, S. D., H. Zhang, T. R. Tunnell, D. M. Engle, and A. F. Cross. 2002. Effects of grazing on restoration of southern mixed prairie soils. Restoration Ecology 10(2): 401-417.    
Hussain, M. 1994. The structure of plant microcommunities emerging form soil seed banks. Dissertation. Oklahoma State Unniversity.
Mallett, W. M. 1998. Controls of nutrient concentrations in a prairie stream. Thesis. Oklahoma State University.
Mannel, S. 1999. Biophysical characterization of the tallgrass prairie in Oklahoma: Grassland canopy parameters and their relationships to satellite derived NDVI. University of Potsdarn, Germany.
Palmer, M. W. 1993. Vascular plant biodiversity in Oklahoma. Water Resources Research A-124:1
Palmer, M. W. in preparation. Vascular flora of the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Osage County, Oklahoma.
Palmer, M. W., J. R. Arevalo, M. C. Cobo Muro, and P. G. Earls. 2003. Species richness and soil reaction in a northeastern Oklahoma Landscape. Folia Geobotancia 38:381-389.
Palmer, M. W., and M. Hussain. 1997. The unimodal species richness-biomass relationship in plant communities emerging from soil seed banks. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 77:17-26.
Rodriguez, A., and A. G. Taylor. 1988. Stochastic modeling of short-term cattle operations. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 70(1): 121-132.    
Tieszen, L. L., B. C. Reed, N. B. Bliss, B. K. Wylie, and D. D. DeJong. 1997. NDVI, C3 and C4 production, and distributions in Great Plains grassland land cover classes. Ecological Applications 7:59-78.