Oklahoma Wildlife Web Sites


      Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation
      Oklahoma State University Department of Integrative Biology
      Sutton Avian Research Center

Downloadable PDF Files


Bobwhite Quail Habitat Evaluation and Management Guide 
This circular is a detailed guide for evaluating and managing land for bobwhite quail. Source = OSU E-904 



Ecology and Management of the Greater Prairie-Chicken 
This circular contains information on the ecology and management of Greater Prairie-Chickens in Oklahoma
 and surrounding areas.  
Source = 
OSU E-969



Ecology and Management of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken 
This circular describes the ecology and management of the Lesser Prairie-Chicken in Oklahoma
 and surrounding areas.  
Source = OSU E-1014



Land use change effects on breeding bird community composition              This Article covers long term effects of human population density on avian species composition.  
Source =  J. Range Manage. 52: 420-430 Sept. 1999
Size 113  
Management of the Wild Turkey in Oklahoma 
This fact sheet discusses the habitat needs for the proper management of the wild turkey.  
Source = OSU NREM-8700
Nest Boxes for Cavity-Nesting Birds in Oklahoma 
This fact sheet includes instructions describing how to build simple boxes for cavity-nesting birds and where to place the boxes for best results.                           Source = OSU NREM-9005 

Botanical composition of bison diets on tallgrass prairie in Oklahoma          This study compares the graminoid and forb components of bison diets in relation to their availability and time of year.                                                                         
Source = J. Range Manage. 51: 379-382

Size: 476k
Controlling Pocket Gophers 
This fact sheet discusses the control of pocket gophers.                                 Source = OSU NREM-9001
Ecology and Management of Deer in Oklahoma 
This fact sheet discussed the ecology and management of deer in 
Source = OSU NREM-9009



Lease Hunting Opportunities for Oklahoma Landowners 
This fact sheet discusses the benefits of leasing land for hunting purposes.  
Source = OSU NREM-5032
White-tailed Deer Habitat Evaluation and Management Guide
This fact sheet discuses habitats favored by white-tailed deer and provides a scoring sheet to rank your rangeland.   
Source = OSU E- 979
    Size 6,159k



Common Ticks of Oklahoma and Tick-Borne Diseases 
This fact sheet describes the life cycles, types, and various diseases caused by the ticks of Oklahoma  
Source = OSU EPP-7001




Grasshopper Management in Rangeland, Pastures, and Crops
This fact sheet discusses grasshopper damage, management, and control in rangeland, pastures, and crops.  
Source = OSU EPP-7196
Nectar and Pollen Plants of Oklahoma 
This fact sheet discusses the major sources of nectar and pollen for beekeepers. Source = OSU EPP-7155



Introduction to the Snakes of Oklahoma 
This fact sheet will introduce you to the biology of some of the snakes of Oklahoma and provides a list of all known species in the state.                                      Source = OSU  NREM-9010
Wildlife in general    

Reducing Mortality of Grassland Wildlife During Haying and Wheat-Harvesting Operations 
This fact sheet discusses the best ways to avoid harming wildlife when cutting hay or harvesting wheat.  
Source = OSU NREM-5006




Other Resources


Aquatic Systems

Bass, D. 1994. Community structure and distribution patterns of aquatic macroinvertebrates in a tall grass prairie stream ecosystem. Proceedings of Oklahoma Academy Science. 74:3-10.    
Hunt, G. W. 1999. The ecology of hyporheic invertebrates in Oklahoma and Arkansas streams. Dissertation. Oklahoma State University.  
Hunt, G. W. and E. H. Stanley. 2003. Environmental factors influencing the composition and distribution of the hyporheic in Oklahoma streams: variation across ecoregions. Archive for Hydrobiology. 158:1-24.  
Spranza, J. J.1998. Spatial and temporal differences in assemblages, condition factors, and growth rates of warm water stream fishes in north central Oklahoma. Thesis. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.  
Spranza, J. J., and E. H. Stanley. 2000. Condition, growth, and reproductive styles of fishes exposed to different environmental regimes in a prairie drainage. Environmental Biology of Fishes 59:99-109.    
Stweart, J. G., F. P. Gelwick, W. J. Mathews, and C. M. Taylor. 1999. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve. Proceedings of teh Oklahoma Academy od Sciences 79:13-17.    
Blaha, R. J., P. Hendricks, M. R. Nelson, and M. D. Stewart. 1995. A short-eared owl nest in Osage County, Oklahoma. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society28: 26-28.    
Coppedge, B. R., D. M. Engle, R. E. Masters, and M. S. Gregory. 2001. Avian response to landscape change in fragmented southern great plains grasslands.  Ecological Applications 11(1): 47-59.  
Coppedge, B. R., D. M. Engle, R. E. Masters, and M. S. Gregory. 2004. Predicting juniper encroachment and CRP effects on avian community dynamics in southern mixed-grass prairie, USA. Biological Conservation 111: 431-441    
Fuhlendorf, S. D., A. J. Woodward, D. M. Leslie Jr., and J. S. Shackford. 2002. Multi-scale effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on lesser prairie-chicken populations of the US Southern Great Plains. Landscape Ecology 17:617-628.    
Glass, C. R., P. Hendricks, M. J. Philiops, and T. L. Waltman. 1994. Common poorwills nesting in Osage County, Oklahoma. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 27: 12-13.    
Jenkins, M. A. and S. K. Sherrod. 2005. Growth and recovery of the bald eagle population in Oklahoma. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(3): 810-813.    
Jensen, W. E. 2003. Spatial variation in brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater) abundance and brood parasitism in the Flint Hills tallgrass prairie. Kansas State University.  
Kelly, J. F., and R. L. Hutto. 2005. An east-west comparison of migration in North American Wood Warblers. The Condor 107:197-211.    
Lusk, J. J., K. S. Wells, F. S. Guthery, and S. D. Fuhlendorf. 2003. Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) nest-site selection and success in a mixed-grass prairie. The Auk 120(1): 120-129.    
Reinking, D. L., and D. P. Hendricks. 1993. Occurrence and nesting of Henslow's Sparrow in Oklahoma. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 26:33-36.    
Reinking, D. L., D. A. Wiedenfeld, D. H. Wolfe, and R. W. Rohrbaugh, Jr. 2002. Distribution, habitat use, and nesting success of Henslow's Sparrow in Oklahoma. The Prairie Naturalist 32: 219-232.  
Shochat, E., M. A., Patten, D. W. Morris, D. L. Reinking, D. H. Wolfe, and S. K. Sherrod. 2005. Ecological traps in isodars: effects of tallgrass prairie management on bird nest success. Oikos 111: 159-169.    
Townsed II, D. E., D. M. Leslie Jr., S. J. DeMaso, S. A. Cox and A. D. Peoples. 2003. Fitness Costs and Benefits Associated with Dispersal in Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus). Am. Midl. Nat. 150:73-82.    
Verser, D. W. 1990. Henslow's Sparrow in northeast Oklahoma. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 13:9-13.    
Wolfe, D. H. 1996. Nest competition in Eastern Meadowlarks. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 29:6-7.  
Woodward, A. J. and S. D. Fuhlendorf. 2001. Influence of Landscape Composition and Change on Lesser Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) Populations. Am. Midl. Nat. 145:261-274.    
Van Den Bussche, R. A, S. R. Hoofer, D. A. Wiedenfeld, D. H. Wolfe and S. K. Sherrod. 2003. Genetic variation within and among fragmented populations of lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). Molecular Ecology 12:675-683.    

Barko, V. A., M. W. Palmer, J. G. Stewart, and D. M. Engle. 2001. Vascular plant communities associated with Black-tailed Prairie Dog colonies in southern shortgrass prairie. Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. 81: 11-19



Brenda, S. C., D. M. Leslie Jr., T. S. Carter. 1993. Foraging activity of adult female Ozark Big-Eared Bats (Plecotus townsendii ingens) in Summer. Journal of Mammalog74(2): 422-427.    

Coppedge, B. G., and J. H. Shaw. 2000. American bison (Bison bison) wallowing behavior and wallow formation of tallgrass prairie. Acta Theriologica 45:103-110.


Coppedge, B. R. 1996. Rangeecology of bison on tallgrass prairie in Oklahoma Dissertation. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.


Coppedge, B. R., T. S. Carter, J. H. Shaw and R. G. Hamilton. 1997. Agonistic behaviour associated with orphan bison (Bison bison) calves released into a mixed resident population. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 55: 1-10.


Coppedge, B. R., S. D. Fuhlendorf, D. M. Engle, and B. J. Carter. 1999. Grassland soil depressions:  relict bison wallows or inherent landscape heterogeneity? American Midland Naturalist. 142: 382-392.


Coppedge, B. R., and J. H. Shaw. 1998. Diets of bison social groups on tallgrass prairie in Oklahoma. Prairie Naturalist 30(1):29-36


Coppedge, B. R. and J. H. Shaw. 1997. Effects of horning and rubbing behavior by bison (Bison bison) on woody vegetation in a tallgrass prairie landscape. American Midland Naturalist. 138(1): 189-196.


Crockett, J. S. 1997. Bison (Bison bison) fecal pats as a small-scale disturbance on tallgrass prairie. Thesis. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.


Ginger, S. M., E. C. Hellgren, M. A. Kasparian, L. P. Levesque, D. M. Engle and D. M. Leslie Jr. 2003. Niche shift by virginia opossum following reduction of a putative competitor, the raccoon. Journal of Mammalogy 84(4):1279-1291.


Hamilton, R. G. 1993. The Nature Conservancy bison herd report. Pages 415-422 inR. E. Walker, editor. Proceedings of the North American public bison herds symposium, La Crosse, WI.


Kasparian, M. A., E. C. Hellgren, S. M. Ginger, L. P. Levesque, J. E. Clark and D. L. Winkelman. 2004. Population characteristics of Virginia opossum in the cross timbers during raccoon reduction. Am. Midl. Nat. 151:154-163.

Kerby, J. 2002. Patch-level foraging behavior of bison and cattle on tallgrass prairie. Thesis. Oklahoma State Universtiy.    
Maichak, E. J. 2002. Behavioral differences of bison (Bos bison bison) and effects of seasonal ambient temperature on a tallgrass prairie. Thesis. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.    
Maichak, E. J., K. L. Schuler, and M. E. Payton. 2004. Daily and seasonal behavior of bison on an Oklahoma tallgrass prairie. Prairie Naturalist 36:103-118.    
Payne, T. 1992. Mammals of the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve. University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK.    
Payne, T., S. Stevens, and W. Caire. 2001. Annotated checklist of the mammals of the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Osage County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 81:41-51.    
Payne, T., and W. Caire. 1992. Occurrence of the cotton mouse, (Peromyscus gossypinus), in north central Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 72:67-67.    
Payne, T., and W. Caire. 1999. Species diversity of small mammals in the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Osage County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 79:51-59.    

Rosas, C. 2003. Some aspects of bison ecology and behavior in a tallgrass prairie. Dissertation. Oklahoma State University.


Rosas, C. A., D. M. Engle, and J. H. Shaw. 2005. Potential ecological impact of diet selectivity and bison herd composition. Great Plains Research 15:3-13.


Rosas, C. A., M. W. Palmer, D. M. Engle, and J. H. Shaw. in preparation. Seed dispersal by bison (Bison bison) in a tallgrass prairie.


Schuler, K. L. 2002. Seasonal variation in bison distribution and group behavior in Oklahoma Tallgrass Prairie. Thesis. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.


Shaw, J. H. 1995. How many bison originally populated western rangelands? Rangelands 17:148-150.


Shaw, J. H. 1998. Bison Ecology-what we do and do not know. Pages 113-120 in L. Irby and J. Knight, editors. International Symposium on Bison Ecology and Management in North America. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.


Shaw, J. H. 1999. American bison. Pages 342-343 in D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff, editors. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C.


Shaw, J. H. 1999. Bison ecology - what we do and do not know. Bison World1999:33-36.


Shaw, J. H., and M. Lee. 1997. Relative abundance of bison, elk, and pronghorn on the southern plains, 1806-1857. Plains Anthropologist 42:163-171.


Soeder, K. L, K. McBee, J. H. Shaw, and R. P. Lanno. in press. Community composition of small mammals in relation to environmental disturbances on tallgrass prairie. Southwestern Naturalist.


Thies, M., T. L. Payne, and W. Caire. 1993. The eastern harvest mouse,(Reithrodontomys humulis), in northcentral Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 73:79-80.


Tieszen, L. L. 1998. Stable isotopic determination of seasonal dietary patterns in bison at four preserves across the Great Plains. Pages 130-140 in L. l. a. J. Knight, editor. International Symposium on Bison Ecology and Management in North America. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.


Van Den Bussche, R. A. and S. R. Hoofer. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among recent chiropteran families and the importance of choosing appropriate out-group taxa. Journal of Mammalogy 85(2):321-330.





Husak, J. F., and S. F. Fox. 2003. Adult male collared lizards, (Crotaphytus collaris), increase aggression towards displaced neighbors.  Animal Behavior  65: 391-396.        
Fox, S. F., J. M. Conder, and A. E. Smith. 1998. Sexual dimorphism in the ease of tail autotomy: (Uta stansburiana) with and without Previous Tail Loss. Copeia1998(2): 376-382        
Coughlin, S. L. 2002. A conceptual model of ecological risk in a tallgrass prairie ecosystem Thesis. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater.        
Fuhlendorf, S. D., D. M. Engle, D. C. Arnold, and T. G. Bidwell. 2002. Influence of herbicide application on forb and arthropod communities of North American tallgrass prairies. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment 92: 251-159.        
Hall, S. A. 1999. Pollen influx at the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Osage County, Oklahoma. Texas Journal of Science 51: 12-13.        
Maichak, E. and K. L. Schuler. 2004. Applicability of viewshed analysis to wildlife population estimation. American Midland Naturalist 152:277-285.        
Nisbett, R. A., W. Caire, M. D. Stuart, G. M. Caddell, J. M. Crutcher, and C. H. Calisher. 2001. Serologic survey of Oklahoma rodents: Evidence for the presence ;of a Hantavirus and an Arenavirus. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences81:53-66.        
Patten, M. A., D. H. Wolfe, E. Shochat, and S. K. Sherrod. 2005. Habitat fragmentation, rapid evolution and population persistence. Evolutionary Ecology Research 7: 235-249.        
Vaughn, C. C., S. M. Glenn, and I. H. Butler. 1993. Characterization of prairie mole cricket chorusing sites in Oklahoma. Am. Midl. Nat. 130(2): 364-371.