Located in southern Arizona, the Altar Valley Conservation Alliance is focused on conserving trading ranching lands through cooperation with local government conservation initiatives, reintroducing fire into the semi-arid grassland ecosystem of the area, and restoring native grasslands by managing soil erosion and runoff. The Alliance is rancher organized and lead, but has participation from local and federal government officials, other community members, and the University of Arizona.
While many collaborative conservation initiatives are led by informal organizations, in the Wallowa region of northeastern Oregon, Wallowa Resources, a non-profit organization, has developed over time into a regional leader for landscape conservation, economic development, and ecological restoration. The mission of the organization is to support the local economy while maintaining a rural way of life and conservation values.
The Landscape Conservation Cooperatives are an example of a government led collaborative conservation effort. When working in large landscapes, conservation initiatives often span multiple types of land ownership – private land, state or local government owned land, and national government owned land. In addition, landscapes often do not adhere to political boundarys and cross state/province boundaries or international borders. The goal of the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives is to support research to inform the development of conservation initiatives, develop shared conservation strategies across agencies and boundaries, and to facilitate connections between government and non-government organizations around collaborative conservation. There are Landscape Conservation Cooperatives throughout the United States and in some parts of Canada and Mexico.
Regulations can be a powerful trigger for large landscape and cooperative conservation. In the case of the greater sage grouse, a bird that is dependent upon the sagebrush rangelands in the western United States, endangered species protection laws threatened to impact ranchers in areas with sage grouse habitat. To overcome the potential disruption to ranching and other land uses, ranchers, states, and the federal government worked together to generate a conservation plan that protects sage grouse and allows for continued use of the land for ranching.